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Dataset Title:  CMCC-CM2-HR4 output prepared for CMIP6 Subscribe RSS
Institution:  Fondazione Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici, Lecce 73100, Italy   (Dataset ID: CMCC_CM2_HR4)
Information:  Summary ? | License ? | FGDC | ISO 19115 | Metadata | Background (external link) | Data Access Form
 
Graph Type:  ?
X Axis:  ?
Y Axis:  ?
Color:  ?
 
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Things You Can Do With Your Graphs

Well, you can do anything you want with your graphs, of course. But some things you might not have considered are:

The Dataset Attribute Structure (.das) for this Dataset

Attributes {
  time {
    String _CoordinateAxisType "Time";
    Float64 actual_range -6.298128e+8, 1.4173488e+9;
    String axis "T";
    String calendar "365_day";
    String ioos_category "Time";
    String long_name "Time";
    String standard_name "time";
    String time_origin "01-JAN-1970 00:00:00";
    String units "seconds since 1970-01-01T00:00:00Z";
  }
  latitude {
    String _CoordinateAxisType "Lat";
    Float64 actual_range -90.0, 90.0;
    String axis "Y";
    String ioos_category "Location";
    String long_name "Latitude";
    String standard_name "latitude";
    String units "degrees_north";
  }
  longitude {
    String _CoordinateAxisType "Lon";
    Float64 actual_range 0.0, 358.75;
    String axis "X";
    String ioos_category "Location";
    String long_name "Longitude";
    String standard_name "longitude";
    String units "degrees_east";
  }
  clt {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    String cell_measures "area: areacella";
    String cell_methods "area: time: mean";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 100.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum 0.0;
    String comment "Total cloud area fraction for the whole atmospheric column, as seen from the surface or the top of the atmosphere. Includes both large-scale and convective cloud.";
    String history "2019-01-04T09:15:40Z altered by CMOR: Converted units from '1' to '%'.";
    String ioos_category "Meteorology";
    String long_name "Total Cloud Fraction";
    Float32 missing_value NaN;
    String standard_name "cloud_area_fraction";
    String units "percent";
  }
  hfls {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    String cell_measures "area: areacella";
    String cell_methods "area: time: mean";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 250.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum -250.0;
    String comment "The surface called 'surface' means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. 'Upward' indicates a vector component which is positive when directed upward (negative downward). The surface latent heat flux is the exchange of heat between the surface and the air on account of evaporation (including sublimation). In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, 'flux' implies per unit area, called 'flux density' in physics.";
    String ioos_category "Heat Flux";
    String long_name "Surface Upward Latent Heat Flux";
    Float32 missing_value NaN;
    String standard_name "surface_upward_latent_heat_flux";
    String units "W m-2";
  }
  hfss {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    String cell_measures "area: areacella";
    String cell_methods "area: time: mean";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 250.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum -250.0;
    String comment "The surface called 'surface' means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. 'Upward' indicates a vector component which is positive when directed upward (negative downward). The surface sensible heat flux, also called 'turbulent' heat flux, is the exchange of heat between the surface and the air by motion of air. In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, 'flux' implies per unit area, called 'flux density' in physics. Unless indicated in the cell_methods attribute, a quantity is assumed to apply to the whole area of each horizontal grid box. Previously, the qualifier where_type was used to specify that the quantity applies only to the part of the grid box of the named type.  Names containing the where_type qualifier are deprecated and newly created data should use the cell_methods attribute to indicate the horizontal area to which the quantity applies.";
    String ioos_category "Heat Flux";
    String long_name "Surface Upward Sensible Heat Flux";
    Float32 missing_value NaN;
    String standard_name "surface_upward_sensible_heat_flux";
    String units "W m-2";
  }
  pr {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    String cell_measures "area: areacella";
    String cell_methods "area: time: mean";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 1.0e-4;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum 0.0;
    String comment "includes both liquid and solid phases";
    String ioos_category "Meteorology";
    String long_name "Precipitation";
    Float32 missing_value NaN;
    String standard_name "precipitation_flux";
    String units "kg m-2 s-1";
  }
  ps {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    String cell_measures "area: areacella";
    String cell_methods "area: time: mean";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 105000.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum 95000.0;
    String comment "surface pressure (not mean sea-level pressure), 2-D field to calculate the 3-D pressure field from hybrid coordinates";
    String ioos_category "Pressure";
    String long_name "Surface Air Pressure";
    Float32 missing_value NaN;
    String standard_name "surface_air_pressure";
    String units "Pa";
  }
  psl {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    String cell_measures "area: areacella";
    String cell_methods "area: time: mean";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 105000.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum 95000.0;
    String comment "Sea Level Pressure";
    String ioos_category "Pressure";
    String long_name "Sea Level Pressure";
    Float32 missing_value NaN;
    String standard_name "air_pressure_at_sea_level";
    String units "Pa";
  }
  rlds {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    String cell_measures "area: areacella";
    String cell_methods "area: time: mean";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 500.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum -500.0;
    String comment "The surface called 'surface' means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. 'longwave' means longwave radiation. Downwelling radiation is radiation from above. It does not mean 'net downward'. When thought of as being incident on a surface, a radiative flux is sometimes called 'irradiance'. In addition, it is identical with the quantity measured by a cosine-collector light-meter and sometimes called 'vector irradiance'. In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, 'flux' implies per unit area, called 'flux density' in physics.";
    String ioos_category "Heat Flux";
    String long_name "Surface Downwelling Longwave Radiation";
    Float32 missing_value NaN;
    String standard_name "surface_downwelling_longwave_flux_in_air";
    String units "W m-2";
  }
  rldscs {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    String cell_measures "area: areacella";
    String cell_methods "area: time: mean";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 500.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum -500.0;
    String comment "Surface downwelling clear-sky longwave radiation";
    String ioos_category "Heat Flux";
    String long_name "Surface Downwelling Clear-Sky Longwave Radiation";
    Float32 missing_value NaN;
    String standard_name "surface_downwelling_longwave_flux_in_air_assuming_clear_sky";
    String units "W m-2";
  }
  rlus {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    String cell_measures "area: areacella";
    String cell_methods "area: time: mean";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 500.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum -500.0;
    String comment "The surface called 'surface' means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. 'longwave' means longwave radiation. Upwelling radiation is radiation from below. It does not mean 'net upward'. When thought of as being incident on a surface, a radiative flux is sometimes called 'irradiance'. In addition, it is identical with the quantity measured by a cosine-collector light-meter and sometimes called 'vector irradiance'. In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, 'flux' implies per unit area, called 'flux density' in physics.";
    String ioos_category "Heat Flux";
    String long_name "Surface Upwelling Longwave Radiation";
    Float32 missing_value NaN;
    String standard_name "surface_upwelling_longwave_flux_in_air";
    String units "W m-2";
  }
  rlut {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    String cell_measures "area: areacella";
    String cell_methods "area: time: mean";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 500.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum -500.0;
    String comment "at the top of the atmosphere (to be compared with satellite measurements)";
    String ioos_category "Heat Flux";
    String long_name "TOA Outgoing Longwave Radiation";
    Float32 missing_value NaN;
    String standard_name "toa_outgoing_longwave_flux";
    String units "W m-2";
  }
  rlutcs {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    String cell_measures "area: areacella";
    String cell_methods "area: time: mean";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 500.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum -500.0;
    String comment "Upwelling clear-sky longwave radiation at top of atmosphere";
    String ioos_category "Heat Flux";
    String long_name "TOA Outgoing Clear-Sky Longwave Radiation";
    Float32 missing_value NaN;
    String standard_name "toa_outgoing_longwave_flux_assuming_clear_sky";
    String units "W m-2";
  }
  rsds {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    String cell_measures "area: areacella";
    String cell_methods "area: time: mean";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 500.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum -500.0;
    String comment "surface solar irradiance for UV calculations";
    String ioos_category "Heat Flux";
    String long_name "Surface Downwelling Shortwave Radiation";
    Float32 missing_value NaN;
    String standard_name "surface_downwelling_shortwave_flux_in_air";
    String units "W m-2";
  }
  rsdscs {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    String cell_measures "area: areacella";
    String cell_methods "area: time: mean";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 500.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum -500.0;
    String comment "surface solar irradiance clear sky for UV calculations";
    String ioos_category "Heat Flux";
    String long_name "Surface Downwelling Clear-Sky Shortwave Radiation";
    Float32 missing_value NaN;
    String standard_name "surface_downwelling_shortwave_flux_in_air_assuming_clear_sky";
    String units "W m-2";
  }
  rsdt {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    String cell_measures "area: areacella";
    String cell_methods "area: time: mean";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 500.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum -500.0;
    String comment "Shortwave radiation incident at the top of the atmosphere";
    String ioos_category "Heat Flux";
    String long_name "TOA Incident Shortwave Radiation";
    Float32 missing_value NaN;
    String standard_name "toa_incoming_shortwave_flux";
    String units "W m-2";
  }
  rsus {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    String cell_measures "area: areacella";
    String cell_methods "area: time: mean";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 500.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum -500.0;
    String comment "The surface called 'surface' means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. 'shortwave' means shortwave radiation. Upwelling radiation is radiation from below. It does not mean 'net upward'. When thought of as being incident on a surface, a radiative flux is sometimes called 'irradiance'. In addition, it is identical with the quantity measured by a cosine-collector light-meter and sometimes called 'vector irradiance'. In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, 'flux' implies per unit area, called 'flux density' in physics.";
    String ioos_category "Heat Flux";
    String long_name "Surface Upwelling Shortwave Radiation";
    Float32 missing_value NaN;
    String standard_name "surface_upwelling_shortwave_flux_in_air";
    String units "W m-2";
  }
  rsuscs {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    String cell_measures "area: areacella";
    String cell_methods "area: time: mean";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 500.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum -500.0;
    String comment "Surface Upwelling Clear-sky Shortwave Radiation";
    String ioos_category "Heat Flux";
    String long_name "Surface Upwelling Clear-Sky Shortwave Radiation";
    Float32 missing_value NaN;
    String standard_name "surface_upwelling_shortwave_flux_in_air_assuming_clear_sky";
    String units "W m-2";
  }
  rsut {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    String cell_measures "area: areacella";
    String cell_methods "area: time: mean";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 500.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum -500.0;
    String comment "at the top of the atmosphere";
    String ioos_category "Heat Flux";
    String long_name "TOA Outgoing Shortwave Radiation";
    Float32 missing_value NaN;
    String standard_name "toa_outgoing_shortwave_flux";
    String units "W m-2";
  }
  rsutcs {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    String cell_measures "area: areacella";
    String cell_methods "area: time: mean";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 500.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum -500.0;
    String comment "Calculated in the absence of clouds.";
    String ioos_category "Heat Flux";
    String long_name "TOA Outgoing Clear-Sky Shortwave Radiation";
    Float32 missing_value NaN;
    String standard_name "toa_outgoing_shortwave_flux_assuming_clear_sky";
    String units "W m-2";
  }
  tas {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    String cell_measures "area: areacella";
    String cell_methods "area: time: mean";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 313.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum 263.0;
    String comment "near-surface (usually, 2 meter) air temperature";
    String history "2019-01-03T21:07:46Z altered by CMOR: Treated scalar dimension: 'height'.";
    String ioos_category "Temperature";
    String long_name "Near-Surface Air Temperature";
    Float32 missing_value NaN;
    String standard_name "air_temperature";
    String units "degree_K";
  }
  NC_GLOBAL {
    String _NCProperties "version=1|netcdflibversion=4.4.1.1|hdf5libversion=1.10.1";
    String activity_id "HighResMIP";
    String branch_method "fixed historical forcing from 1950 was applied for a 50 year spin-up period, after which the historically-evolving forcing was imposed.";
    Float64 branch_time_in_child 365.0;
    Float64 branch_time_in_parent 19345.0;
    String cdm_data_type "Grid";
    String cmor_version "3.3.2";
    String Conventions "CF-1.7 CMIP-6.2, COARDS, ACDD-1.3";
    String creation_date "2019-01-04T09:15:41Z";
    String creator_name "Fondazione Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici, Lecce 73100, Italy";
    String creator_url "https://www.ec.gc.ca/scitech/default.asp?lang=En&n=61B33C26-1#cmc";
    String data_specs_version "01.00.23";
    Float64 Easternmost_Easting 358.75;
    String experiment "coupled historical 1950-2014";
    String experiment_id "hist-1950";
    String external_variables "areacella";
    Int32 forcing_index 1;
    String frequency "mon";
    String further_info_url "https://furtherinfo.es-doc.org/CMIP6.CMCC.CMCC-CM2-HR4.hist-1950.none.r1i1p1f1";
    Float64 geospatial_lat_max 90.0;
    Float64 geospatial_lat_min -90.0;
    Float64 geospatial_lat_resolution 0.9424083769633508;
    String geospatial_lat_units "degrees_north";
    Float64 geospatial_lon_max 358.75;
    Float64 geospatial_lon_min 0.0;
    Float64 geospatial_lon_resolution 1.25;
    String geospatial_lon_units "degrees_east";
    String grid "native atmosphere regular grid (192x288 latxlon)";
    String grid_label "gn";
    String history 
"2019-01-04T09:15:40Z ; CMOR rewrote data to be consistent with CMIP6, CF-1.7 CMIP-6.2 and CF standards.
2021-12-06T11:32:21Z (local files)
2021-12-06T11:32:21Z http://oceano.bo.ingv.it/griddap/CMCC_CM2_HR4.das";
    String infoUrl "https://www.ec.gc.ca/scitech/default.asp?lang=En&n=61B33C26-1#cmc";
    Int32 initialization_index 1;
    String institution "Fondazione Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici, Lecce 73100, Italy";
    String institution_id "CMCC";
    String keywords "amount, area, atmosphere, cambiamenti, centro, climate, climatici, cloud, cloud cover, cloud_area_fraction, cloudiness, clouds, clt, cm2, cmcc, cmcc-cm2-hr4, cmip6, cover, data, earth, Earth Science > Atmosphere > Clouds > Cloud Amount/Frequency, euro, euro-mediterraneo, fondazione, fraction, frequency, hr4, intercomparison, italy, lecce, MACMAP, mediterraneo, meteorology, model, output, prepared, project, science, sui, time, total";
    String keywords_vocabulary "GCMD Science Keywords";
    String license "CMIP6 model data produced by CMCC is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses). Consult https://pcmdi.llnl.gov/CMIP6/TermsOfUse for terms of use governing CMIP6 output, including citation requirements and proper acknowledgment. Further information about this data, including some limitations, can be found via the further_info_url (recorded as a global attribute in this file). The data producers and data providers make no warranty, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. All liabilities arising from the supply of the information (including any liability arising in negligence) are excluded to the fullest extent permitted by law.";
    String min_number_yrs_per_sim "65";
    String mip_era "CMIP6";
    String nominal_resolution "1x1 degree";
    Float64 Northernmost_Northing 90.0;
    String parent_activity_id "HighResMIP";
    String parent_experiment_id "spinup-1950";
    String parent_mip_era "CMIP6";
    String parent_source_id "CMCC-CM2-HR4";
    String parent_time_units "days since 1950-01-01 00:00:00";
    String parent_variant_label "r1i1p1f1";
    Int32 physics_index 1;
    String product "model-output";
    Int32 realization_index 1;
    String realm "atmos";
    String source 
"CMCC-CM2-HR4 (2016): 
aerosol: prescribed MACv2-SP
atmos: CAM4 (1deg; 288 x 192 longitude/latitude; 26 levels; top at ~2 hPa)
atmosChem: none
land: CLM4.5 (SP mode)
landIce: none
ocean: NEMO3.6 (ORCA0.25 1/4 deg from the Equator degrading at the poles; 1442 x 1051 longitude/latitude; 50 vertical levels; top grid cell 0-1 m)
ocnBgchem: none
seaIce: CICE4.0";
    String source_id "CMCC-CM2-HR4";
    String source_type "AOGCM";
    String sourceUrl "(local files)";
    Float64 Southernmost_Northing -90.0;
    String standard_name_vocabulary "CF Standard Name Table v70";
    String summary "CMCC-CM2-HR4 output prepared for Climate Model Intercomparison Project 6 (CMIP6)";
    String table_id "Amon";
    String table_info "Creation Date:(21 March 2018) MD5:48c44775086a0889f6001dd33f78cb66";
    String time_coverage_end "2014-11-30T12:00:00Z";
    String time_coverage_start "1950-01-16T12:00:00Z";
    String title "CMCC-CM2-HR4 output prepared for CMIP6";
    String tracking_id "hdl:21.14100/a65dcb46-33b0-4f26-8308-f17629ed2cf8";
    String variable_id "clt";
    String variant_label "r1i1p1f1";
    Float64 Westernmost_Easting 0.0;
  }
}

 

Using griddap to Request Data and Graphs from Gridded Datasets

griddap lets you request a data subset, graph, or map from a gridded dataset (for example, sea surface temperature data from a satellite), via a specially formed URL. griddap uses the OPeNDAP (external link) Data Access Protocol (DAP) (external link) and its projection constraints (external link).

The URL specifies what you want: the dataset, a description of the graph or the subset of the data, and the file type for the response.

griddap request URLs must be in the form
https://coastwatch.pfeg.noaa.gov/erddap/griddap/datasetID.fileType{?query}
For example,
https://coastwatch.pfeg.noaa.gov/erddap/griddap/jplMURSST41.htmlTable?analysed_sst[(2002-06-01T09:00:00Z)][(-89.99):1000:(89.99)][(-179.99):1000:(180.0)]
Thus, the query is often a data variable name (e.g., analysed_sst), followed by [(start):stride:(stop)] (or a shorter variation of that) for each of the variable's dimensions (for example, [time][latitude][longitude]).

For details, see the griddap Documentation.


 
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